The Cross-border Cooperation (CBC) Programme Poland-Belarus-Ukraine for 15 years supports the cross-border development processes in the borderland of Poland, Belarus and Ukraine by co-funding diverse projects. In the programming period 2014-2020 it operates under the framework of the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI). The ENI supports sustainable development along the EU’s external borders, helps reducing differences in living standards and addressing common challenges across these borders.
In terms of the budget, Programme Poland-Belarus-Ukraine is the biggest ENI CBC programme at the EU land borders - 165 M EUR will be granted from the Programme to projects focusing especially on protection and promotion of cultural and natural heritage of border areas, infrastructural accessibility of the regions, improvement of border-crossings’ infrastructure, procedures and services as well as development of healthcare and public security services.
Within 2007-2013 Programme edition thanks to the EU financing of over 170 M EUR, 117 projects have been implemented. They resulted in multiple improvements in such sectors and areas as social infrastructure, healthcare, education, tourism, protection of cultural heritage, security and last but not least border-crossings’ infrastructure and services.
All projects funded within the Poland-Belarus-Ukraine Programme are non profit ones and contribute to the improvement of quality of life of inhabitants of eastern Poland and western Ukraine and Belarus. Each undertaking financed within the Programme demonstrates strong cross-border effect, not only through established partnership between institutions from these three countries, but mainly thanks to the results of the activities and its positive impact on the border territory.
The Programme Strategy was adopted following the socio-economic analysis carried out at the request of the Managing Authority, in which the common national and regional priorities of the participating countries and their regions were identified. It is also based on the experience from the previous programming period. The Programme Strategy takes also into account the opinions of the various stakeholders on the common needs and challenges the Programme area is facing. It finally reflects the decisions taken by the JPC in order to focus on the thematic areas in which the participating countries can address common problems and deal with the joint assets.
The ENI Cross-Border Cooperation Programme Poland-Belarus-Ukraine 2014-2020 is the document defining most important issues regarding the realisation of the Programme, its context, goals and functioning. It defines areas of interest which will be realised thanks to co-financed projects and which are represented by four Thematic Objectives and their priorities:
Priority 1.1 Promotion of local culture and history
Priority 1.2 Promotion and preservation of natural heritage
Priority 2.1 Improvement and development of transport services and infrastructure
Priority 2.2 Development of ICT infrastructure
Priority 3.1 Support to the development of health protection and social services
Priority 3.2 Addressing common security challenges
Priority 4.1 Support to border efficiency and security
Priority 4.2 Improvement of border management operations, customs and visas procedures.